“Taj Mahal”. It’s hard to imagine a person who has never heard about it. A well-balanced composition and brilliant decoration are the masterpieces representing Indian Islamic architecture. The height of the central dome is about 70 m, and the four minaret (tower) raises over 40m, a white grave temple of brilliant decoration where jewels and precious stones were sparingly used. Taj Mahal is regarded as the highest peak of Indian Islamic architecture.
Taj Mahal was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage (Cultural Heritage) in 1983. This is a marble tomb that the fifth emperor Shah Jahan of the Mughal Empire in Agra, northern India built for the wife he loved, spending incredible amount of money for its construction. The Emperor Shah Jahan (1592 – 1666) poured out an incomparable love to Princess Mumutaz Mahal who always stayed on his side and even went to the battlefield together with him. However, she left this world after giving birth to the 14th child. The king grieved deeply and immersed himself into the construction of the mausoleum in order to eternally keep the memory of his beloved wife. It was Tajima Haru “Monument of Love”, which was constructed in 1632 and built with 22 years of work and 20,000 workers a day before being completed.
Why could they built the graves of their beloved wives over such huge cost and years?
It can be related to the prosperity of the Mughal Empire of those days. At that time, the Mughal Empire developed various industries under stable political control. Among them, the cotton industry was said to be the “world’s most advanced manufacturing industry” of that time as many people from all over the world visited the Mughal Empire seeking Indian cotton. The fact that the Indian cotton is said as being one of the reasons for the industrial revolution later occurred in England shows how prosperous was India because of cotton at that time. Due to the prosperity of the Mughal Empire, Taj Mahal was built with high-quality materials from all over the world.
As you further move through the southern gate made of red sandstones, you will see a vast square quarter garden, and a dome roofed mausoleum where four minarets were obeyed is rising nobly behind it. Brilliant reliefs are engraved on the marble wall, and 28 kinds of jewels and ores loaded from around the world are fitted. It is said that its greatness and beauty surpass “the seven paradise of heavenly”.
Building materials are said to have been carried using over 1,000 elephants from India, marble is said to be from Jaipur in the Rajasthan region, and red sand stones are said to have been brought from the quarry of Fatehpur-Sikri.
Because of the abundance of materials, it was necessary to invite the most excellent technicians from all over the world to process them. The beauty of Taj Mahal lies in its seeking for the perfection in each small details.
Construction of Taj Mahal definitely took a huge amount of time and money and due to that wasteful time Emperor Shah Jahan was detained by his own son. The king planned to build his own tomb based on the black marble on the opposite bank of the Yamuna River, but the state treasury was already out of stock. In the later years there was an anecdote that the son Aurangzeb Emperor detained in Agra Castle and lived watching the wife’s mausoleum behind the window of the room.
This white mausoleum of “Taj Mahal” which has been handed down to the modern time through the age of eternality has been considered as one of the important world heritage that supports the tourism industry in India and its beauty is unprecedented in the world.