It is needless to say that the Colosseum in Rome, Italy is a world heritage site, which is very famous worldwide.

Rome, which is said to have been founded in 753 BC, passed through the stage of a republic and developed into a huge empire, becoming the center of the Christian world in the 4th century.
Following its registration into UNESCO’s World Heritage Site in 1980, further sites were added to the registration in 1990.

In the historic district there are numerous ancient ruins and monuments, such as the Colosseum, Roman Forum, the Caracalla baths, Domus Aurea, the Pantheon, the Mausoleum of Augustus and others, which are remaining until this day, so one can still feel the overwhelming glory and prosperity of the “eternal city”.

The construction of the Colosseum started in AD 70 and was an amphitheater completed in AD 80 during the time of the emperor Titus, which boasted a scale of 188 m in major axis, 156 m in minor axis and 49 m in height of the outer wall, and its impressive size being the symbol of the power and immortality of Rome. Its 4-story exterior is lined with beautiful arches; each floor is decorated with arches of a different architectural style: the first floor is decorated with arches of Doric order, the second floor – with Ionic order and the third – with Corinthian order. The emperor and senators sat on the first floor, the citizens – on the second floor and the third floor had standing seats. It is said that it could hold approximately 50,000 spectators, and munera (gladiatorial battles) and venationes (animal hunting) organized by the emperor were held on its arena. People and animals would continuously participate in deadly fights, which were an entertainment and excitement for the people of ancient Rome.

In the present-day Colosseum the surface of the arena no longer remains intact, so the underground part where the animal cages were located is exposed, but as a whole the building has survived for 1900 years and by now, even when Rome has become an Italian city, the Colosseum is still a symbol of ancient Rome, which keeps the dignity of its past.

 

http://whc.unesco.org/

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/91